This is an Efficient writing practice reciprocal to rules 2 and 7 of Analytical reading: Focus on big ideas of the book, state the unity of the book and find paragraphs in the book that state its important arguments.

State the questions you aim to answer in your writing to guide the summary.

In longer writing with many arguments, create good paragraphs expressing your arguments in a nutshell. Put them both in front of the longer discussion (abstracts) and after the discussion (summaries).